Sunday, 9 June 2013
Patañjali's yogasūtra 1:25 Īśvara the omniscient
तत्र निरतिशयं सर्वज्ञबीजम्
tatra niratiśayam sarvajña bījam
In Him* is the highest limit of omniscience
तत्र निरतिशयं सर्वज्ञ+बीजम्
In the previous sūtra we dwelled on the who/what Īśvara is. Now we consider his/her/its special characteristics. In this sūtra Patañjali says that in Īśvara we find a level of omniscience that is unsurpassed.
तत्र - lit. there; in Īśvara
निरतिशयं adj; (निर् अति √शी) unsurpassed
सर्वज्ञबीजम् - ṣaṣṭhī tatpuruṣa; the seed of omniscience
*Him is used for simplicity of translation here, as well as the undeniable fact that the spiritual principle puruṣa is conceived of as male and prakṛti, the material principle as female in sāṃkhya. However in actuality, in the Hindu tradition alone we have definitions of the Divine as female as well as the gender-less Brahman.