Monday, 21 January 2013

Patañjali's yogasūtra 1:15 Vairāgya

Swami Brahmananda of the Ramakrishna Mission

दृष्टानुश्रविकविषयवितृष्णस्य वशीकारसंज्ञा वैराग्यम् 

dṛṣṭānuśravika viaya vitṛṣṇasya vaśikāra sajñā  vairāgyam

दृष्ट अनुश्रविक विषय वितृष्णस्य वशीकार संज्ञा वैराग्यम्

dṛṣṭa anuśravika viaya vitṛṣṇasya vaśikāra sajñā vairāgyam

[The state of] mastery [of] consciousness, of one who is not desirous of [those] objects which [are] seen and heard, is vairāgya

दृष्ट - seen; from dṛś 
अनुश्रविक - heard; from anu+śru
विषय - topic, matter, object, subject; masc. noun
वितृष्णस्य - of one who is not desirous; genitive singular of वितृष्ण
वशीकार - one who subjugates [in this case the object of the senses] to his will  
संज्ञा - (here) consciousness; fem noun
वैराग्यम् - freedom from worldly objects and desires; from राग, which in turn is from रञ्ज् to gladden, charm, delight, enamour

At this stage we will leave the translation here. We will return to vairāgya after we tackle the concepts of  राग (rāgaद्वेष (dveṣaand क्लेश (kleśain chapter 2. As mentioned before, all concepts will become crystal clear once we complete the text. But I think it's ok to leave this one for the moment, because the sutra is fairly clear.

I'd like to dedicate today's sutra to Swami Brahmananda, whose birthday it is, and who embodies the spirit of vairāgya: 


Anonymous said...

Thank you Rohini

Anonymous said...

Thank you Rohini