Wednesday, 16 January 2013
Patañjali's yogasūtra 1:13 yatnaḥ & abhyāsaḥ
तत्र स्तिथौ यत्नो ऽभ्यासः
tatra stithau yatno ‘bhyāsaḥ
तत्र स्तिथौ यत्नः अभ्यासः
[with respect to being] Firmly established there [in the state of citta-vṛitti-nirodha], [are] effort and practice.
तत्र - there
स्तिथौ - locative of स्तिथ being established, firm. The locative here is used in the sense of 'with respect to' which is one of the functions of this case.
यत्नः - effort, endeavour, exertion, to try; masculine noun
अभ्यासः - practice, repetition, exercise
Almost all the commentators take this sūtra to mean that practice and effort are the way to reach the state of cessation of mental fluctuations. The yogasūtras will now go on to outline many different ways to bring about this cessation - but common to all the methods are a) effort and b) constant repetition.